Tzara, Tristan

(1896-1963)
   writer
   of Romanian origin, Tristan Tzara (the pen name of Samy Rosenstock) was born in Moinesti, Romania. Resolutely opposed to all literary and artistic pretension, he identified with poetic revolt and social revolution, and the dadaist movement, which he founded in zurich in 1916, and which he put forth as a reaction to the violence of war, which he saw as useless and devastating. The movement was widely supported by Europe's young intellectuals. Determined to dismantle all aesthetic, moral, philosophical, and religious values of Western civilization, Tzara and his friends (louis breton, paul Éluard, Adolf Fraenkel, Philippe soupault, and others) initially expressed their revolt through a nihilistic critique, founding a revue (Dada) and organizing in most of Europe's capitals, and particularly in Paris (Sept manifestes dada, 1924), "artistic" and literary soirees that shocked many in their praise of the illogical and the absurd. Their quest for authenticity and absolute freedom and the resurgence of romanticism was centered around Tzara and Breton. Tzara's writings include La première Aventure céleste de M. Antipyrine (1916), L'Anti-tête (1933), La deuxième Aventure céleste de M. Antipyrine (1938), Midis gagnés (1939), Le Cœur à gaz (a play, conceived 1923, published 1946). After World War II, having renounced the most provocative of his ideas and actions, and becoming concerned about humanity's future, Tzara published Entre-temps (1946), De mémoire d'homme (1951), Le Fruit permis (1956), and La Rose et le Chien (1957).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TZARA, TRISTAN — (originally Sami Rosenstein; 1896–1963), Romanian and French poet. Born in Moinesti, Romania, Tzara was one of several Jews who enjoyed literary repute both in their native country and in their adopted land, France. His earliest poems in Romanian …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tzara, Tristan — ▪ French author original name  Samuel Rosenstock  born 1896, Moineşti, Rom. died December 1963, Paris       Romanian born French poet and essayist known mainly as the founder of Dada, a nihilistic revolutionary movement in the arts, the purpose… …   Universalium

  • Tzara, Tristan — (1896 1963)    French poet. Born in Moinesti, Romania, his works include Vingt cinq, Cinema, Calendriers du coeur abstrait, Oil boivent les hups, L antitete, Le coeur a gaz, La fuite, La face interieure and Parler seul. He was a founder of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Tzara, Tristan — ► (1896 1963) Poeta francés, nacido en Rumania. Se unió al grupo de intelectuales y artistas que iniciaron el movimiento dadaísta en 1916 y ese mismo año publicó La première aventure céleste de M. Antipyrine, donde se plasman los postulados del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tzara, Tristan — pseud. di Rosentock, Samuel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Tzara — Tzara, Tristan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tristan Tzara — par Tihanyi Tristan Tzara, de son vrai nom Samuel Rosenstock, né le 16 avril 1896 à Moinești, Roumanie et mort le 25 décembre 1963 à Paris, est un écrivain, poète et essayiste de langue roumaine et française et l un des fondateurs du m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tzara — Tristan Tzara Tristan Tzara par Tihanyi Tristan Tzara, de son vrai nom Samuel Rosenstock, né le 16 avril 1896 à Moineşti, Roumanie et mort le 25 décembre 1963 à Paris, était un écrivain, poète et essayiste de langue roumaine et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tristan Tzara — en 1928 Nombre completo Samuel Rosenstock …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tristan Corbiere — Tristan Corbière Tristan Corbière Édouard Joachim Corbière, dit Tristan Corbière, né le 18 juillet 1845 au manoir de Coat Congar à Morlaix (Finistère) et mort le 1er mars 1875 à Morlaix, est un poète français …   Wikipédia en Français

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